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kkes Tile Floors September 14th, 2018 - 05:40:00
Knowing the kind of subfloor you`ll be installing ceramic tile flooring over is important. There are three main types of subfloors you might encounter: Vinyl. plywood. and concrete floors. Installing ceramic tile flooring directly to your vinyl or linoleum subfloor surfaces is greatly discouraged. One. it may contain asbestos fibers; and two. vinyl flooring is not a solid as good ol` concrete flooring. When installing ceramic tile on vinyl. experts would recommend rough-sanding. or scarifying. the vinyl floor surface first so your tiling mortar has good grip to set on.
Can you cut into the layers on top to get a cross section of the existing floor? If there is a heating grate that you can remove. that may show the layers the floor is composed of. What will be reassuring to see is a thick layer. ideally over 1 ½ inches thick of plywood. Alternatively. with the property owner`s permission. we sometimes cut in to it to check what it`s composed of.
The first thing to do is to make sure that the tools you will use are ready at hand. These tools should include basic carpentry tools like an accurate measuring tape. a carpenter`s square and a bubble level. You should also be prepared with the tiles and all you need to space them and put them together: tile spaces. a tile cutter. a trowel. and a putty knife. Then you must get your adhesives ready: tile bonding material. thin set mortar or tile adhesive. the sealant. the grout and a rubber grout float. Also you must make sure that you are wearing work clothes or overalls. glasses and heavy-duty gloves for safety.
There are formulas used in the industry to determine if the subfloor has excessive `deflection` [bounciness. lack of rigidity]. The most cited one is the Tile Council of North America standard for deflection. which is stated as L/360 as a minimum. before tile underlayment is installed. L/360 means that the floor should not bend under weight more than the length (expressed in inches) of the unsupported span divided by 360. For example. if the span between supports runs for 20 feet then the deflection should not be more than 2/3" between the center and the end. L=20 x 12" = 240". L/360 = 240"/360 or 2/3". So 2/3" is the maximum amount of movement the center of the span should be allowed to move.